The meeting is the seventh between the two leaders and probably Modi’s last in Washington before Obama’s second term as president ends in January.
Progress on climate
In the last two years, Obama and Modi have worked out a partnership on clean energy — including nuclear energy — and climate, involving 15 programs. Some highlights:
- U.S.-India Partnership to Advance Clean Energy, first created in 2009, has brought billions to clean energy projects in India.
- Smart Cities Challenge, a Modi priority, funds projects to cut air pollution, improve transportation and make cities more walkable with U.S.-based Bloomberg Philanthropies.
- Mission Innovation is a pledge from the two countries and 19 others to double clean energy research and development over five years.
- Both countries are among the 196 that have signed the historic 2015 Paris climate agreement, and both have agreed to formally join as soon as possible in 2016.
- India and the United States agreed to develop funding and support for aggressive action to phase out hydrofluorocarbons, or HFCs, potent greenhouse gases used in air conditioning.
An unexpected bond
Obama and Modi hit it off when the two leaders met in Washington in September 2014, shortly after Modi was elected prime minister. During a spontaneous trip to the Martin Luther King Jr. Memorial, the two connected over the ideals shared by King and Indian civil rights leader Mohandas Gandhi.
The warmth between the leaders came out in a bear hug on the tarmac in New Delhi where, in January 2015, Obama became the first U.S. president at India’s Republic Day festivities.
“A strong bond of friendship exists between the two countries,” said President Obama, recalling fond memories of his 2015 trip to India.
“We are working shoulder to shoulder,” Modi said, speaking to the press at their June 7 meeting.
On June 8, Modi will be only the fifth Indian prime minister to address a special joint meeting of the U.S. Congress, speaking before the U.S. House of Representatives and Senate.